学习英语的方法

 时间:2020-09-19  贡献者:pp-sp.com

导读:学习英语方法作文_学习英语好的方法_英语探究学习方法,要勤学苦练。学英语没有捷径可走,要真正掌握英语,达到运用自如的程度,非 下苦功夫不可。下苦功夫就是要进行大量的听、说、读、写训练,一、要有正确的学习态度 1.要勤学

学习英语方法作文_学习英语好的方法_英语探究学习方法
学习英语方法作文_学习英语好的方法_英语探究学习方法

要勤学苦练。

学英语没有捷径可走,要真正掌握英语,达到运用自如的程度,非 下苦功夫不可。

下苦功夫就是要进行大量的听、说、读、写训练,一、要有正确的学习态度 1.要勤学苦练。

学英语没有捷径可走,要真正掌握英语,达到运用自如的程度, 非下苦功夫不可。

下苦功夫就是要进行大量的听、说、读、写训练,使各项技能 达到纯熟的地步。

语言知识应该了解,但不下苦功在听、说、读、写上练习,仅 靠死记硬背一些孤立的单词、一些语法条条,是很难掌握英语这一交际工具的。

应该是 Learning English 而不是 Learning about English。

就像学游泳、跳芭蕾 舞一样,对其理论掌握再好,不通过反复训练是永远也学不会的。

2.要持之以恒。

学习英语既然是练功夫的过程,就并不是那么轻松。

要不怕困 难,坚持学习。

学如逆水行舟,不进则退,最忌“三天打鱼,两天晒网”。

要日 积月累,付出长期的努力。

人贵有志,学贵有恒。

二、要掌握正确的学习方法 1.要过语音关。

语音是学习英语的第一关。

不掌握正确的发音,就不敢大声朗 读和对话,句子不能上口,后续的训练就难以进行。

要仔细听老师的发音和录音 带,大胆实践,反复模仿,对比纠正。

不要怕出错。

对中国学生来说要达到发音 完全正确并非一日之功,要有信心,有耐心就一定能够成功。

2.注意英语和汉语的区别。

英语和汉语是两种不同的语言系统。

如英语语音中 的短元音、辅音连缀,以摩擦音、破擦音收尾音节等在汉语中都没有。

英语有形 态变化,如名词复数变化、动词时态变化等,而汉语基本上没有。

英语语法和句 子结构同汉语也存在着一些差异。

中学生的汉语习惯已相当牢固,对英语学习有 一定的干扰作用 。

从一开始就要养成良好的习惯,不要用汉字注音,不要用汉语

句子套用英语句型。

一旦通过大量的阅读,养成用英语思维的习惯,并产生英语语感,就会逐步减少犯“中国式英语”的错误的机会。

3.掌握规律,事半功倍。

虽然学习英语没有捷径可走,但掌握英语语言的规律,能起到事半功倍的作用。

如记忆单词,要将单词的读音和拼写之间的关系联系起来,即掌握拼读规则,按前缀、后缀同词根或词干的复合关系,按反义、同义和同音关系,以及按单词在句子或语言环境中的关系来记单词就很容易记住,也有兴趣。

学习语法也是一样,掌握词形的变化、句型的变化是学习语法的关键。

规则很多,各种规则也有例外,要灵活记忆,不能死记规则,以偏概全。

日常生活练习对话: A: May i help you? B: Yes. i' like to buy a pair of shoes. A: OK. What kind of shoes do you want ? B: Sport shoes. A: What color of the soprt shoes ? B: Black or white . A: How do you think of this pair of sport shoes? B: Oh, I like this shoes. How much is it? A: It's 60 yuan. B: OK. i' like to buy it. A: And which size would you like? B: Small size, please. A: OK. Here you are. B: Thank you. And here is the money. A: And thanks for coming. Goodbye! B: Bye. A: Excuse me. Could you tell me the way to the park? B: OK. Go straigh ahead and turn right. You will see the bus station on your right. A: And which bus i should take? B: The NO.321 bus. Then you can get to the park. A: OK. Thank you very much! Bye-bye. B: You're welcome. Bye. A: Hello, B. Where will you go now? B: Hi, A. I am going to visit my grandma. She has a cold. So i want to take care of her. A: Oh, I am sorry to hear that! B: And where are you going? A: I am going to visit my grandpa. Today is his birthday. B: How old is him?

A: He is 100 years old. B: Wow~! Don't forget to say "Happy birthday !"to your grandpa for me! A: OK. And don't forget to send my best wishes to your grandma! Bye-bye. B: Bye. A: Nice to meet you, How are you. B: Nice to meet you too. I am fine, thanks. And you? A: Fine, thank you.^_^ B: Do you like eating? A: Yes, of course. I like hambergur the best. B: I like hambergur too. But i prefer like pasta. And do you like drinking? A: Yes, i like drinking too. I like orange juice and coke. B: I like tea best. A: Do you like music? B: Yes, I like music very much! A: What kind of music do you like? B: I like jazz and pop music. A: I like music too. I like light music best! B: And do you play the piano? A: No, i don't like the piano. But i like playing the guitar. B: Really? Could you play the guitar for me? A: Of course! A: Is this your family photo? B: Yes. A: Who is he? B: He is my father. He is a doctor. A: Is this your mother? B: Yes, she is a teacher in the middle school. A: And is this you? B: Right. When i am only five years old. A: Oh, you were so cute. B: Thank you.^_^ 阅读作文类: Year's Day January 1st is New Year's Day. It's a great day for all the people throughout the world. As the saying goes, "A good beginning is half the battle". So, many people go all out to celebrate the important day. On that day, I went to the Book City with my classmates. We bought a lot of useful reference books and interesting story books. I believe "Knowledge is power". I hope I can learn a lot from these books and improve my study. In the evening, my family had a big dinner party. All the members in my family wished me a good luck in the new year英语作文:My family members I am student of Southwest Weiyu Middle School. I am in Class Two Grade Six. I’m a girl. I’m twelve years old. I’m tall and thin. I like to sing and dance. I can sing POP music very well. I like to eat meat, because I think it’s very delicious. I’m good at English, because I like it very much. I like to write a composition and I like to read many nice books. I think it’s good for me. I like drawing, but I can’t draw very well. I like cats very much, but I can’t have them, because my mother doesn’t like them, she think they’re very dirty. I want

to travel around the world, but I haven’t enough money. But I’m happy, because I have many friends and a happy family.My mother is a shop assistant. She’s thirty-six years old. She’s tall and thin too. She’s pretty. Her hair is short and straight. She likes to sing and she likes Zhang Xueyou’s songs and English songs. She likes to eat crabs. She always goes shopping with me. She’s good at Maths. When I have problems with Maths she will help me. She doesn’t like pets; because she thinks they are dirty. I like my mother very much.My father is a manager. He’s forty-six years old. But he looks like very young and handsome. He always goes to park with me. He likes to smoke. But I think smoke is bad for himself. He likes English songs. He’s good at Chinese. He sometimes helps me to write a composition. My father likes pets very much. I like my father very much.My grandmother and my sister live together. My grandma is sixty-three years old. She’s retiring. My sister is a student of fourteen years old. She has two big eyes and long straight hair. She’s a small famous singer in her city. She likes to sing and dance. She can sing very well. She joins in many competitions and she always be champion.How I Spent My Summer Vacation(这篇作文有点难度) I spent this summer vacation in quite a different way. I used to run about every day in previous summer vacations, but this summer vacation I simply could not afford to do so. I would soon be in the last year of my high-school education and would after graduation be up against the college entrance examinations. Though those examinations were still a year away, I had to start early to make myself well prepared by reviewing all those things I had learned at school and this summer vacation was the ideal time for me to do this. At first I was rather dismayed at the thought of this, but later I thought it was better this way because by working hard this summer I could count on endless happy summers to come. With this in mind I then set to work like anything and only occasionally went out for a change or did some physical. I was not at all bored by this kind of life, for I was sustained by a hope.my favorite program. "Animal World" is my favorite program. First of all, I like animals,especially small animals. Secondly, the host has the ability to make the program lively and interesting. Thirdly, through this program I know a lot of things that I haven't known before. I gain some knowledge about animal life such as different lives of different animals, the relationship between people and nature, people and animal, and the meaning of animal protection.Now I understand animals are part of nature as we are. They can not be separated from the humans. We must keep nature in balance so that we will have a good life in the future.Let's love animals. Never do any harm to them. 译文:“动物世界”是我最喜欢的电视节目。

首先,我喜欢动物,尤其是小动物;第二,主持人 把节目办得既生动又有趣;第三,通过这个节目,我知道了许多以前不知道的事情,获得了一些动物 生活方面的知识。

例如,不同动物的不同生活习惯,人与动物之间、人与自然之间的关系,还有保护 动物的意义。

现在我懂得了,动物像我们一样是自然的一部分,它们与人类不可分割。

我们必须保持生态平衡, 才能使我们将来的生活更好。

热爱动物吧,不要再伤害它们。

句子成分(简单版)句子的组成部分,包括主语、谓语、宾语、定语、补语、状语、表语七种 主语是句子叙述的主体,可由名词、代词、数词、名词化的形容词、不定式、动名词和主语从句等来承担。

谓语说明主语所发出的动作或具有的特征和状态。

谓语由动词来承担。

宾语是动作的对象或承受者,常位于及物动词或介词后面。

宾语可由名词、代词、数词、名词化的 形容词、不定式、动名词、宾语从句等来担任。

主语和谓语是英语句子的两大成分,除少数句子(如祈使句和感叹句等)外,一句话必须同时具有 主语和谓语所表达的意思才能完整。

主语是针对谓语而言的,是一句话的主题,谓语用来说明主语的 情况,为主语提供信息。

例如:They are working.主语是 they(他们),那麽他们在做什麽呢?看来没有 谓语 are working 是不行的。

在正常情况下,英语的主语和谓语的位置与汉语一致,也就是说主语在 前,谓语紧跟其后。

那麽,哪些词语可以做主语,谓语,何时主谓倒置,主语与谓语的一致情况如何, 我将一一讲述。

一、哪些词可以充当主语 1,名词 例如: A mooncake is a delicious, round cake. The first truck is carrying a few baskets. The temperature will stay above zero. The doctor looked over Mrs. Brown very carefully. China does not want to copy the USA’s example. 2,代词 例如: It’s a young forest. I don’t know if it will grow. That’s a bit expensive. You’d better buy a new pair. I’m afraid we haven’t got any black shoes. 3,数词 例如:One and two is three. One is not enough for me. I want one more. One of them is English. Suddenly one of the bags fell off the truck. Two will be enough. 4,不定式 (常以 It’s adj. to do sth. 形式出现) 例如: To give is better than to receive =Its better to give. I found it difficult to get to sleep. It’s glad to see you again. It was difficult to see. But it’s good to swim in summer. 5,IT 作主语,有如下情况: 1)指代刚刚提到的事物:What’s this ? It’s a bus. (指代 what) 2)指代一个你不知道或判断不清性别的人:Who’s knocking the door? It’s me. (指代 who) Who’s the baby in the picture? It’s my sister. (指代 who) 3) 表示时间,天气,距离: What’s the time? It’s eight o’clock. (时间) What’s it going to be tomorrow? It’s going to be rainy.(天气) How far is it? It’s about one kilometre away. (距离) 6. THERE 引起的 There be 句型中,be 作谓语,主语位居其后。

如: There are many different kinds of mooncakes. There will be a strong wind.

二、谓语 谓语有动词构成,依据其在句中繁简程度可把谓语分为简单谓语和复合谓语两类。

不论何种时态, 语态,语气,凡由一个动词(或动词词组)构成的谓语都是简单谓语。

例如: I like walking.(一般现在时主动语态) I made your birthday cake last night. (一般过去时主动语态) It is used by travellers and business people all over the world. (一般现在时被动语态) 复合谓语也可分为两种情况: 第一种是由情态动词,助动词+不带 to 的动词不定式构成的复合谓语: What does this word mean? I won’t do it again. I’ll go and move away the bag of rice with Lin Tao. You’d better catch a bus. 第二种是由连系动词+表语构成的复合谓语。

例如: You look the same. We are all here. The weather gets wamer, and the days get longer. Keep quite and listen to me. He looked worried. We have to be up early in the moming. Is Bill in? School Is over. Let’s go home. My pen is in my bag. I feel terrible. I* fell tried all the time. He seemed rather tired last night. 连系动词和表语在意思上紧密联系,不宜分割;有关动词的种类这方面知识在课本中已有介绍,此 处不多说了。

三、主语与谓语的一致 英语句子的主语和谓语的一致性,是英汉两种语言的区别之一。

具体说来有如下特征: 1, 谓语动词在人称和数上应与主语保持一致。

如: Now the teacher comes into the classroom. 本句属一般现在时,主语 the teacher 为第三人称单数,因而谓语动词 come 应加 s. One morming she was working at her desk in the library wher a boy came in. 本句属主从复合句,主句 用过去进行时,从句为一般过去时;主句中主语 she 为第三人称单数,所以谓语为 was working. 1) 主语含有 and 时,如表示一个单一的概念,谓语动词常用单数(特别是当 and 连接的是两个不 可数名词时),否则用复数。

如: One and three is four. And 前后均为数字,表示同一个概念,谓语动词应用 is. Tea and milk is my favourite drink. 本题中 tea and milk 指一种饮料,故谓语用 is。

Tom and Li Lei are my best friends. Tom 和 Li lei 是完全不同的两个人,有不同的特征,因而谓语是 are。

2) 主语为动词不定式时,其谓语常用单数形式。

如: To give is better than to receive. It was difficult to see. It’s best to wear cool clothes. 同样,动名词作主语,谓语动词也为单数。

初中阶段只学了一句:

It (playing) is much better than having classes. 3) 不可数名词作主语,谓语动词视为单数。

如: The best time to come to China is autumn. The weather in England never gets too hot. 4) 在姓的复数前加 the 表示一家人,谓语动词为复数。

如: What time do the Reads have breakfast? 主语是 the Reads, 表示里得一家人,谓语动词用 do….have. 5) 表示时间的复数名词作主语,常作整体看待,其谓语动词为单数形式。

如: Two months is quite a long time. 6) “几加几等于几”的算式中,谓语动词常为单数。

如: Twenty and forty is sixty. 主谓 7) 某些表示学科的名词作主语,无论其结尾是什麽,谓语动词都视为单数。

如: Maths is my favourite subject. 主谓 8) each 以及由 some,any,no,every 构成的复合代词作主语,谓语动词为单数。

如: There’s something wrong with my ears! 谓主Everyone is going into class. 主谓 9) what,who which 等词做主语,谓语动词形式视意思而定。

如: What is this?(this 为单数,用 is) What are these? (these 为复数,用 are ) Which is your friend? 哪一个人是你的朋友? Which are your friends? 哪些人是你的朋友? 10) None 作主语,其谓语可以是单数,也可以是复数,此项目并非初中阶段重点,故此不谈。

11) People,Chinese, Japanese 作主语,谓语动词为复数。

如: There are four people in my family. 谓主The chinese people are very friendly. 12) population 作主语,指“人口”时,谓语为单数;其前有表示数量的修饰语时,谓语为复数;课 本第三册只要求掌握作“人口”讲时谓语的情况:What’s the population of Germany? 谓主What was the population of the world in 1950? 谓主Half of the population of China are women. 修饰语 主 谓 2, 由 either …or 或 neither …nor 连接的两个并列成分作主语,其谓语动词形式与后一个主语保持 一致。

如:Either Lily or Lucy is going to come.(Lily 和 Lucy 谁去都行。

后一个主语 Lucy 为第三人称 单数,谓语用 is going to come.) Either I or he does well in English. 我和他的英语都不错。

Neither I nor she likes swimming. 我和她都不喜欢游泳。

由 these 和 here 引出的含有不只一个主语的句子,其谓语动词形式由最靠近谓语的主语形式决定。

如:These is a pen, two rulers and three books on the desk.

Here are some cups,a glass and some pears on 句子的成分: 构成句子的基本成分叫做句子成分。

句子成分可分为主语,谓语,宾语,表语,定语,状语,同位语。

它们 可以由单词来担任,也可以由词组,以及句子来担任。

主语 主语是一个句子中所要表达,描述的人或物,是句子的主体。

I work here. 我在这儿工作。

She is a new teacher. 她是一个新教师。

主语可以由名词,代词,数词,动词不定式,动名词,名词化形容词,分词,从句,短语等来担任。

The book is on the desk. 书在桌子上。

I get an idea. 我有一个主意。

Two and two are four. 二加二等于四。

When to be ginisnotknownyet. 什么时间开始还不知道。

What I know is important. 我所知道的很重要。

谓语 谓语是用来说明主语做了什么动作或处在什么状态。

谓语可以由动词来担任,一般放在主语的后面。

We don't know him very well. 我们不太了解他。

She speaks English fluently. 她英语讲得很流利。

表语表语是用来说明主语的性质,身份,特征和状态。

表语须和连系动词一起构成句子的复合谓语。

表语一般放在系动词之后。

表语可以由名词,形容词或起名词和形容词作用的词和短语担任。

These desks are yellow. 这些桌子是黄色的。

I am all right. 我没事。

We are happy now. 我们现在很幸福。

It's over. 时间到了。

She is ten. 她十岁了。

My work is teaching English, 我的工作是教英语。

The dictionary is in the bag. 词典在书包里边。

My question is how you knew him. 我的问题是你如何认识他的。

宾语 宾语是谓语动作所涉及的对象,它是动作的承受者,宾语可以由名词或起名词作用的成分担任,宾语 一般放在谓语动词后面。

I saw a cat in the tree. 我看见树上有一只猫。

I want to go shopping. 我想去买东西。

He said he could be here. 他说他会来的。

We think you are right. 我们认为你是对的。

有些及物动词可以有两个宾语,其中一个宾语多指人,另一个宾语指物,指人的宾语叫做间接宾语,指 物的宾语叫做直接宾语,可以带两个宾语的动词有 bring,give,show,send,pass,tell 等。

间接宾语一般放在 直接宾语的前面,如果强调直接宾语可把直接宾语放在间接宾语的前面, 但间接宾语前须加"to"。

My father bought me a book. 我父亲给我买了一本书。

Give the rubber to me. 把橡皮给我。

Please give the letter to XiaoLi. 请把这封信给小李。

有些及物动词除跟一个宾语外,还需要加上宾语补足语,否则意思不完整,它们一起构成复合宾语,复 合宾语中宾语和后面的宾语补足语有一种逻辑上的主谓关系,这也是判断是两个宾语还是复合宾语的 依据,宾语可以由名词或起名词作用的词担任。

We all call him LaoWang. 我们都叫他老王。

Please color it red. 请给它涂上红颜色。

We found the little girl in the hill. 我们在山上找到了小女孩。

定语用于描述名词,代词,短语或从句的性质,特征范围等情况的词叫做定语,定语可以由名词,形容词 和起名词和形容词作用的词,短语担任。

如果定语是单个词,定语放在被修饰词的前面,如果是词组,定语 放在被修饰词的后面。

That is a beautiful flower. 那是一朵漂亮的花。

The TV set made in that factory is very good. 那个工厂生产的电视机很好。

This is my book,not your book. 这是我的书,不是你的书。

There are more than twenty trees in our school. 我们学校里有二十多棵树。

I have a lot of things to do. 我有好多要做的事情。

Our country is a developing country. 我们的国家是一个发展中的国家。

状语: 说明事物发生的时间,地点,原因,目的,结果方式,条件或伴随情况,程度等情况的词叫状语。

状语可以由 副词,短语以及从句来担任。

同位语: 当两个指同一事物的句子成分放在同等位置时,一个句子成分可被用来说明或解释另一个 句子成分,前者就叫做后者的同位语(appositive).这两个句子成分多由名词(代词)担任,同位语 通常皆放在其说明的名词(代词)之后。

相关链接:数词基数词:(1-100…1000….10000)One two there ….. hundred... thousand…million(百万)…billion(千万)序数词:(第一,第二,第三….)序数词的缩写形式: first---1st second---2nd thirty-first---31st1.first (1st) 2. second (2nd)3. third (3rd) 4.fourth (4th) 5.fifth (5th) 6.sixth (6th) 7. seventh (7th) 8. eighth(8th) 9. ninth (9th) 10. tenth (10th) 11. eleventh (11th) 12. twelfth (12th) 13.thirteenth (13th) 14. fourteenth (14th) 15.fifteenfifteenth (15th) 16.sixteensixteenth (16th)17.seventeen seventeenth (17th)18.eighteen eighteenth (18th)19.nineteen nineteenth (19th)20.twenty twentieth (20th) 21.twenty-one twenty-fist (21st) 22.twenty-two twenty-second (22nd)30.thirty thirtieth(30th) 40.forty fortieth (40th) 50.fifty fiftieth (50th) 60.sixty sixtieth (60th)70.seventyseventieth (7th) 80.eighty eightieth (80th) 90.ninety ninetieth (90th) 100.a/onehundred one-hundredth (100th)101.one hundred and one one hundred and first (101st)1000.a/one thousand one thousandth (1000th) 1,000,000.a/one million one millionth (1,000,000th)除了 first, second, third 以及和它们一起组成的高位序数词以外,序数词的构成方法是在 相应的基数词之后加-th,但要注意 fifth, eighth, twelfth 等不规则拼法。

twenty, thirty 等在变 为序数词时,要把 y变成 i, 再加-eth。

名词与代词一、名词 1. 不可数名词:bread,juice,tea,coffee,water,chocolate,rice,paper(不可数名词相对应的 be 动词永远都是is/was) 2、名词复数规则 (1).一般情况下,直接加-s,如:book-books, bag-bags, cat-cats, bed-beds (2).以 s. x. sh. ch 结尾,加-es,如:bus-buses, box-boxes, brush-brushes, watch-watches

(3).以“辅音字母+y”结尾,变 y 为 i, 再加-es,如:family-families, strawberry-strawberries (4).以“f 或 fe”结尾,变 f 或 fe 为 v, 再加-es,如:knife-knives (5) . 不 规 则 名 词 复 数 : man ---men, woman---women, policeman---policemen, policewoman---policewomen, mouse---mice child---children foot---feet,.tooth---teeth fish---fish, people---people, Chinese---Chinese, Japanese---Japanese 二、代词主格 宾格 形容词性物主代词 名词性物主代词 非第三人称单数 I me my mine We us our ours you you your yours they them their theirs 第三人称单数 he him his his she her her hers it it its its 1. 主格一般用在句中作为主语,一般用在动词前(除疑问句) 2. 宾格多用于动词介词后面。

3. 形容词性物主代词后面必须要跟名词。

4. 名次性物主代词=形容词性物主代词+名词

 
 

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